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Analysis of physical properties, dispersion conditions and drop size distributions in complex liquid/liquid systems, 2016

— Authors: Hohl, L., Schulz, J., Paul, N. und Kraume, M.—

Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 108: 210-216 (link)

Tunable multiphase systems can be applied for the hydroformylation of long-chained olefins. These reaction systems enable highest yields and fastest separation processes under three phase operating conditions. However, little is known about the characteristic properties of these complex dispersions. In this study, a simplified model system consisting of water, 1-dodecene and a solvo-surfactant was analysed. The minimum aggregation concentration, interfacial tension, density and viscosity were determined. Additionally, the phase behaviour was investigated using conductivity measurements. The phase volume fractions under three phase conditions were analysed. An endoscope measurement technique was applied to determine the dispersion conditions and drop size distributions in a stirred tank as a function of composition and stirrer speed.